Annotated Bibliography

Battle, Michael. The Black Church in America: African American Christian Spirituality. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Limited, 1963. Print.

Michael Battle's thesis centers around the blacks church's community centered approach to organized religion. He contests the claim that African American culture and values did not survive in America. His work provides an interesting appraoch to the black Baptist church in defining it as an institution seeking unity with white Baptists.


Harrison Daniel, W.. "Virginia Baptists and the Negro, 1865-1902." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 1 July 1968: 340-363. Print.

This essay investigates the overall discomfort that a large majority of whites felt with the emancipation of slaver. It provides insight into the relationship between blacks and whites by revealing a general fear amongst whites of the potential power of the black population. Its usefullness lies in its depiction of the attitudes and the relationships that existed during this time.


Harvey, Paul. Redeeming the South: religious cultures and racial identities among Southern Baptists, 1865-1925. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. Print.

This text focuses how white and black baptists, and the relationship between the two, shaped southern culture after the Civil War. Harvey looks into the difference in faith and beliefs that correlated to both the black and white denominations of the southern Baptist faith. An interesting aspect of this book is how it focuses a great deal on the institution of the black church and its role as a governing body of blacks in the south.


Harvey, Paul. Freedom's coming: religious culture and the shaping of the South from the Civil War through the civil rights era. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. Print.

This text by Paul Harvey examines the racism that was existing solely within religious interactions in the South. His argument is largely based upon the concepts of "theological racism," "racial interchange," and "christian interracialism." Those his work does not focus much on the interaction between blacks and whites in more secular spheres, he is successful in breaking down the relationships between whites and blacks particularly within the baptist church.


Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. Righteous discontent. Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard university press, 1993. Print

Higginbotham looks specifically to the role of the black woman in the south in the late 1800s and early 1900s. She looks specifically to the work of black women in schools and social reforms while also discussing the impact of black women in  advancing their gender from an inferior position to males. Higginbotham brings to light in her book how the accomplishments of black women were a driving force behind the progression and improvement of the black race. 


Lawson Brown, Audrey. "Afro-Baptist Women's Church and Family Roles." Anthropological Quarterly 67.4 (1994): 173-186. Print.

In this article, Brown is examining the role that the Baptist Church played in developing a family unit in the American south after the Civil War, and the role that the Baptist faith and beliefs played in this development. Brown's most significant point in this article is that the role of the woman in the Baptist church incorporates much of the traditional African values that were brought to America. By looking into specifically the role of women in the black church in the South, Brown examines how much of the black race's construction was rooted in African values.

Annotated Bibliography