Annotated Bibliography


Baylor, Ronald and Timothy Meagher.  The New York Irish (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996).

An edited collection of essays about different aspects in the Irish in America.  Part III of the collection highlights the changes in the Irish community and their place within American society that occurred at the turn of the twentieth century.  Specifically, this part examines the role and impact of Irish societies in creating an Irish identity and reformulating the societal image of Irish America.


Brighton, Stephen A. “Middle-Class Ideologies and American Respectability:Archaeology and the Irish Immigrant Experience,” International Journal of Historical Archaeology 15 (November 9, 2010): 30-50.

Brighton examines the shift from Irish immigrant to Irish-American identity through the lens of archaeological recovery of ceramic and glass forms.  His essay allows the growing Irish-American identity to be examined through material manifestations as well as a good analysis of the social history of the Irish experience during the turn of the century.


Coffey, Michael and Terry Golway.  The Irish in America, 1st ed.  New York: Hyperion, 1997.

Coffey's book was created in conjunction with a PBS documentary and provides a broad overview of the Irish experience in America.  Yet, the book also provides more in-depth sections in each chapter as well as many pictures as possible primary sources.


Glazer, Nathan.  Beyond the Melting Pot the Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians, and Irish of New York City.  2nd ed., Publications of the Joint Center for Urban Studies.  Cambridge, Mass: M.I.T. Press, 1970.

Glazer's book examines the history of immigrant and minority groups in New York City arguing that each group retained their ethnic consciousness and identities from generation to generation.  The chapter on the Irish illustrates the changes of the Irish experience in New York City.  An encompassing look at Irish, this chapter offers insight into the phases of Irish identity and power.


Greeley, Andrew M. That Most Distressful Nation: The Taming of the American Irish. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1972. 

Greeley's book starts its examination in Ireland and extents to the Irish in America up to 1970.  Greeley argues that the more the Irish tried to fit into American society, their connections to their Irish heritage was tamed.  While this argument does not directly correspond to my inquiry, Greeley provides interesting insights and solid background information.


Jacobson, Matthew Fry.  Special Sorrows: The Diasporic Imagination of Irish, Polish, and Jewish Immigrants in the United States.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

This book examines the nationalism and culture of the Irish that developed when they immigrated to the United States.  Jacobson argues that diasporic communities, including the Irish, kept their connections to their home countries while developing their own unique identity and place within the United States.  He pulls together many different threads to illustrate these communities.


Kelton, Jane Gladden.  “New York City St. Patrick’s Day Parade: Invention of Contention and Consensus,” The Drama Review: TDR 29, no. 3 (October 1, 1985): 93-105.

This article explores the history, meaning and role of the New York City St. Patrick's Day Parade within Irish America.  While using the 1985 parade as the primary lens, the included historical perspectives are pertinent to my inquiry.


Kenny, Kevin. The Irish Towards the USA: The Irish Who Made America.  New York:Umberto Allemandi & C, 2006.

Kenny's book provides an overview of the Irish in the United States, specifically the roles they played in society and the changes they endured over time.  It also has many photographs and other inclusions of primary sources that prove helpful in understanding the context of Irish Americans.


Moss, Kenneth. “St. Patrick’s Day Celebrations and the Formation of Irish-American Identity, 1845-1875,” Journal of Social History 29, no. 1 (October 1, 1995): 125-148. 

While focused on a time period a bit earlier than the one I am looking at, this article provides background information about the development of the Irish-American identity.  Moss examines St. Patrick's Day parades and the developing Irish-American collective identity; parades, banquets, and societies played an active role in the Irish American identity and community.